• Aprendizaje servicio, una estrategia de aprendizaje significativo en la formación de estudiantes de terapia ocupacional de la Universidad Central de Chile
  • Service learning, as a meaningful learning strategy training students In occupational therapy at the Central University of Chile
Francisca Espinosa Torres, Viviana Rodríguez la Pietra

Resumen

Los constantes cambios sociales, políticos y culturales, han generado problemáticas comunitarias que exigen de soluciones integrales e intersectoriales, efectivas y contextualizadas, dirigidas por profesionales competentes y comprometidos con el desarrollo social del país. Este artículo pretende dar a conocer una estrategia curricular necesarias para afrontar estos nuevos escenarios, los cuales han sido asumidos por la Educación superior a través del Proyecto Educativo y Planeación Estratégica de la Universidad Central de Chile y que permiten efectuar procesos de gestión a partir del conocimiento del contexto social y diagnóstico de las necesidades de la sociedad sobre la que se trabaja, construir proyectos educativos en los cuales se incorporen valores, principios de participación y compromiso social, además de utilizar metodologías pertinentes y acompañamiento académico adecuado y sostenible.

La escuela de Terapia Ocupacional de dicha Institución, asume el compromiso de llevar a cabo el desafío de incorporar la metodología de aprendizaje-servicio dentro de la formación de pregrado, reconociendo el impacto de la metodología en los procesos de aprendizajes significativos y su aporte al proyecto educativo desde el enfoque por competencias, experiencia que genera resultados significativos no sólo en términos de rendimiento, sino que además en los procesos de integración de conocimiento, movilización de recursos cognitivos y la interacción de estos frente a una problemática real, que dieron como resultado la elaboración de soluciones contextualizadas.

El análisis y sistematización de dichas experiencias pretenden evidenciar el impacto en los procesos de aprendizaje y compromiso que adoptan los estudiantes de pregrado, frente a vinculación, guiada y reflexiva, durante el desarrollo de una asignatura electiva, en la cual se ofrece un servicio comunitario, local y contextualizado bajo la Modalidad de Aprendizaje Servicio.

Abstract

The constant social, political and cultural changes, have produced community problems that demand a comprehensive, intersectoral, effective and contextualized solutions directed by competent and committed professionals to social development. This paper describes a necessary curriculum strategy to face these new situations, which have been assumed by the Higher Education through the Educational Project and Strategic Planning of the Central University of Chile, This allows for management processes from knowledge of the social context and diagnosis of local needs of society, also create educational projects in which values, principles of participation and socialcommitment are incorporated and use relevant methodologies and appropriate and sustainable academic support.


School of Occupational Therapy is committed to the challenge of incorporating service-learning methodology in undergraduate education, the impact of the methodology are recognizing significant learning processes and its contribution to the educational project from the skills approach, this experience has significant consequences not only in terms of academic performance, but also in the processes of integration of knowledge, cognitive mobilization of resources and the interaction of these facing a real problem, which resulted in the development of contextualized solutions.


The analysis and systematization of these experiences demonstrate the impact of learning processes and commitment to adopt undergraduates in the relationship, guided and reflective, during the development of an elective course, offering a community, specific service and contextualized from the Methodology Learning ServiceThe constant social, political and cultural changes, have produced community problems that demand a comprehensive, intersectoral, effective and contextualized solutions directed by competent and committed professionals to social development. This paper describes a
necessary curriculum strategy to face these new situations, which have been assumed by the Higher Education through the Educational Project and Strategic Planning of the Central University of Chile, This allows for management processes from knowledge of the social context and diagnosis of local needs of society, also create educational projects in which values, principles of participation and social commitment are incorporated and use relevant methodologies and appropriate and sustainable academic support. School of Occupational Therapy is committed to the challenge of incorporating service-learning methodology in undergraduate education, the impact of the methodology are recognizing significant learning processes and its contribution to the educational project from the skills approach, this experience has significant consequences not only in terms of academic performance, but also in the processes of integration of knowledge, cognitive mobilization of resources and the interaction of these facing a real problem, which resulted in the development of contextualized solutions. The analysis and systematization of these experiences demonstrate the impact of learning processes and commitment to adopt undergraduates in the relationship, guided and reflective, during the development of an elective course, offering a community, specific service and contextualized from the Methodology Learning Service.

Palabras clave

Aprendizaje Servicio; Enfoque por competencias; Educación Superior; Terapia Ocupacional

keywords

Service Learning; Competence approach; higher education; Occupational Therapy

Texto completo: PDF



DOI: 10.5354/0717-6767.2015.37126